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Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/7/d117952006/htdocs/historik/index.php on line 154

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/7/d117952006/htdocs/historik/index.php on line 155

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/7/d117952006/htdocs/historik/index.php on line 157

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Der erste Staat des Westens

News in Sonstiges im Altertum 7 Kommentare »

Sie waren gut organisiert und Frauen spielten bei ihnen eine wichtige Rolle. Woher aber kamen die Menschen der rätselhaften El-Argar-Kultur?

Von Ulf von Rauchhaupt
[IMG]http://media1.faz.net/ppmedia/aktuell/450827924/1.4364355/article_multimedia_overview/wehrhaft-wie-troja.jpg[/IMG]
Wehrhaft wie Troja: Rekonstruktion des argarischen urbanen Zentrums „La Bastida“

Um das Jahr 2200 v. Chr. entglitt den letzten Pharaonen der sechsten Dynastie die Herrschaft über Ägypten. Etwa zur gleichen Zeit ging in Mesopotamien mit dem Reich von Akkad das erste Imperium der Geschichte unter. Und an den Dardanellen brannte Troja II, die Stadt, die später Heinrich Schliemann irrtümlich für das Troja Homers hielt. Man weiß nicht genau, was diese Krise in der Welt der frühen Bronzezeit ausgelöst hat, ob es überhaupt einen gemeinsamen Faktor gab, einen klimatischen etwa. Und vielleicht war es auch wirklich nur ein Zufall, dass just zu dieser Zeit am anderen Ende des Mittelmeerraums das erste Staatswesen Westeuropas entstand.
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Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/7/d117952006/htdocs/historik/index.php on line 155

Strict Standards: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected 'Europe/Berlin' for 'CEST/2.0/DST' instead in /homepages/7/d117952006/htdocs/historik/index.php on line 157

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Archäologen finden Beweise für legendäre Flut in China

News in Indien | Ferner Osten 2 Kommentare »
[b]
Eine Legende berichtet von einer gewaltigen Überschwemmung, die China vor 4000 Jahren heimsuchte. Nun wird klar: An dem Gründungsmythos der Kaiserzeit ist etwas dran.[/b]
Von Christoph Behrens

Am Oberlauf des Gelben Flusses gab es vor etwa 3900 Jahren eine gewaltige Überschwemmung, die zeitlich den Beginn der ersten Kaiserdynastie in China markieren könnte. Es handelte sich vermutlich um eine der verheerendsten Fluten, die der moderne Mensch je erlebt hat. Zu diesem Ergebnis kommen Forscher um den Archäologen Qinglong Wu von der Peking University im Fachblatt Science.

Bereits die ersten schriftlichen Quellen Chinas berichten von einer Überschwemmung, die mehrere Jahre angedauert haben soll. Den Überlieferungen zufolge zähmte erst der legendäre Herrscher Yu der Große die Fluten, indem er geordnete Kanäle für das Wasser anlegen ließ. Yu wurde dank seiner Verve zum Begründer der ersten Kaiserdynastie Xia, mithin des chinesischen Zentralstaats. Doch bislang fehlten schlagende Beweise für die Naturkatastrophe, manche sahen darin eher eine frühe Propaganda des Kaisertums.
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(C) Daniel Oswald